When we consider of mushrooms and the southern Mexico condition of Oaxaca, the very first thing which traditionally arrives to head is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But slowly that is all changing as a end result of the groundbreaking function of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, through their firm, Mico-lógica.
Dependent in the village of Benito Juárez, positioned in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (far more commonly identified as the Sierra Norte, the state’s major ecotourism area), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to train equally Mexicans and guests to the country in the lower-expense cultivation of a variety of mushroom species to teach about the medicinal, nutritional and environmental (sustainable) value of mushrooms and to carry out ongoing investigation regarding optimum climatic regions and the range of substrata for mushroom society.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in fact to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Of course, coming all the way to Mexico from France to pursue my interest in mushrooms would seem like a lengthy way to journey,” Mathieu described in a modern job interview in Oaxaca. “But there genuinely was not considerably of an opportunity to perform studies and grow a business in Western Europe,” he carries on, “considering that reverence for mushrooms had been all but completely eradicated by The Church more than the training course of hundreds of years and I uncovered that Mexico still maintains a regard and appreciation for the medicinal and dietary price of hongos. Mexico is far from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is much more than a 5 hour travel from the closest metropolitan middle. Accordingly, Mathieu sooner or later realized that remaining in Huautla, although keeping an historic allure and getting in a geographic location conducive to functioning with mushrooms, would hinder his attempts to develop a organization and cultivate common fascination in studying about fungi. Mathieu grew to become cognizant of the burgeoning status of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and without a doubt the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held yearly in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu satisfied Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom event. Jiménez experienced moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Metropolis in 2002. The two shared equivalent passions Jiménez had researched agronomy, and for shut to a 10 years experienced been working with sustainable agriculture projects in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina area of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez turned enterprise, and then life associates in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on three mushroom species in their palms-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their 1-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With mushroom growing kit , and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also teaching a truthful bit about the medicinal uses of mushrooms, so much more time is essential,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it really is predominantly [but not exclusively] a program on cultivation.”
Whilst coaching seminars are now only offered in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez plan to grow operations to contain the two the central valleys and coastal locations of Oaxaca. The item is to have a community of producers growing distinct mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation dependent on the certain microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and therefore as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to various climatic locations is exceptional. “The oyster can be developed in a multitude of distinct substrata, and that is what we are experimenting with right now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can prosper when grown on merchandise which would or else be squander, such as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (which includes the fibrous waste created in mezcal distillation), peas, the widespread river reed identified as carriso, sawdust, and the listing goes on. Agricultural waste which may possibly or else be still left to rot or be burned, each and every with adverse environmental implications, can kind substrata for mushroom cultivation. It should be famous, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a very sustainable, eco-friendly business. Over the previous numerous years Mexico has in fact been at the fore in several places of sustainable business.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can provide an arguably even higher environmental good:
“They can maintain up to 30 thousand instances their mass, getting implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been utilized to thoroughly clean up oil spills via absorption and hence are an crucial car for habitat restoration. Analysis has been accomplished with mushrooms in the battle against carpenter ant destruction it is been suggested that the use of fungi has the potential to totally revamp the pesticide industry in an environmentally helpful way. There are practically hundreds of other eco-friendly applications for mushroom use, and in every circumstance the mushroom remains an edible by-product. Consider a appear at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Techniques Mushrooms Can Help save The Globe.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can often be located selling their products on weekends in the organic and natural marketplaces in Oaxaca. They’re the two more than content to go over the nutritional worth of their goods which variety from in a natural way their new mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with possibly chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can’t be found in fruits or greens, and appropriately a diet regime which involves fungi is really essential for vegetarians who are not able to get B12, most typically contained in meats. Mushrooms can simply be a substitute for meats, with the advantage that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones typically identified in industrially processed meat merchandise.
Mico-lógica also promote teas and extracts created from distinct mushroom species, every single formulated as possibly a nutritional supplement, or for their medicinal properties. Whilst neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological qualifications to prescribe mycological treatment for serious illnesses, Mathieu’s possess research points to the medicinal use of mushrooms dating from pre-background, to the current. He notes qualities of mushrooms which can assist to restore the immune system, and therefore the use of fungi as a complement in the remedy of most cancers and AIDS, and their utility in managing diabetic issues and treating substantial cholesterol.
“We must all be embracing the organic generation of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It is so simple, it includes a minimum money expenditure, and it supplies substantial rewards, both for people ingesting hongos for nutritional and medicinal motives, and for the producers, even modest scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. However most of the dried mushrooms sold in Mexico are imported from China, and are not natural. It’s a real shame on many ranges.”